Kidney transplant is a better option, here’s why:

Two types of organ donation7

How to go about organ donation?

To be eligible to donate your organ, the main provisions under the THO Act *
and the newly passed Gazette by the Government of India include:9

For living donation:

Relatives who can be living donors include mother, father, brothers, sisters, son, daughter and spouse. A recent Gazette also added grandparents to the list of relatives who can be living donors. These first relatives must have valid proof of their relationship with the recipient either by genetic testing or legal documents. If there are no first relatives, the donor and recipient must seek special permission from a government-appointed authorisation committee and appear for an interview with the authorities to explain their motive for donation, which may be purely out of affection or altruism.10, 11

Brain death and its declaration:

To be declared brain dead, there are two criteria/certifications required from doctors, 6 hours apart. Two of these have to be doctors nominated by the appropriate government authority, with one of the two being an expert in neurology.11

Regulation of transplant activities:

This can be achieved by forming an Authorization Committee (AC) and Appropriate Authority (AA) in each state and union territory.

*THOA: The Human Organ Act, 2014

Every individual has potential to donate 8 organs8

Organs Donated after Death Donated while Alive
Kidney Yes 1 of 2
Liver Yes Section
Pancreas Yes Section
Lungs Yes 1 of 2
Heart Yes No


But despite all these benefits, only, 12000 (fewer than 4% of the overall ESRD patients) kidney transplants happen in India. Some of the reasons for such a low number of transplants are a lack of awareness, taboos and misconceptions around it. Fewer people come forth to pledge their organs and only a fraction of them actually end up donating.15

Frequently asked questions about kidney transplantation

  • A living donor can be a blood-related family member or emotionally-related person like a spouse, provided he/she is at least 18 years of age and has a good overall physical and mental health10,11.

  • a. Blood and Immunological compatibility with the recipient
    b. Risk behaviours that may have exposed them to certain diseases
    c. Past medical history
    d. Relevant travel history

  • In living donations, surgeons typically remove a kidney of the donor using a minimally invasive laparoscopic procedure13, *

    *all kidney retrieval is not done by lap method. There are many done by open method also.

  • Living donation does not change life expectancy, and does not appear to increase the risk of kidney failure. In fact, people who have donated a kidney outlive the average person14

    As for the recipient, they live longer than those who stay on dialysis. A living donor kidney functions, on average, 12 to 20 years, and a deceased donor kidney from 8 to 12 years.16, 17

  • Most donors only spend 1-4 nights in the hospital and can return to work in 2-3 weeks. The risk of complications from a donation is low, but as with any major surgery, there are risks involved. As for the recipients, they should be back home from the hospital within a week, post surgery. Most of them can return to work eight weeks or more after their transplant.

  • Post surgery, donors as well as recipients are advised to:
    a. Avoid driving for at least two weeks
    b. Females should avoid pregnancy for at least 2 years
    c. Avoid lifting heavy things for six weeks
    d. Follow a healthy low-salt, low- fat diet
    e. Drink plenty of water
    f. Limit alcohol and caffeine intake










9. Thurlow JS, et al. Global Epidemiology of End-Stage Kidney Disease and Disparities in Kidney Replacement Therapy. Am J Nephrol. 2021;52(2):98-107.






15. Data on file.

16. Benefits and Risks of Kidney Transplants. Available at: . As accessed on: 20/07/2023.

17. The Benefits of Kidney Transplant versus Dialysis. Available at:,from%208%20to%2012%20years. As accessed on: 21/08/2023.

18. Kidney Donation. Available at: As accessed on: 14/07/2023.

19. Living healthy after a transplant. Available at: As accessed on: 14/07/2023.

20. How To Live Healthy After A Kidney Transplant. Available at: . As accessed on: 21/08/2023.

21. Post-transplant care. Available at: As accessed on: 21/08/2023

22. Larson DB, Jacobs C, Berglund D, Wiseman J, Garvey C, Gillingham K, Ibrahim HN, Matas AJ. Return to normal activities and work after living donor laparoscopic nephrectomy. Clin Transplant. 2017 Jan;31(1).

23. What to Expect After Donation. Available at: As accessed on: 28/07/2023.

Issued in public interest by : Sanofi healthcare India Pvt. Ltd. MAT-IN-2301931-1.0-8/2023